Caring for Face Pain and Sleep Apnea
Rich Hirschinger, DDS, MBA
Diplomate American Board of Orofacial Pain
9615 Brighton Way, Suite 323
Beverly Hills, CA 90210
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Muscle Referral Patterns into Teeth and the TMJMuscle Referral Patterns Various Muscles.png

If you have dental pain that no one else can explain it could very likely be due to various muscles especially if the pain is achy, dull, sore, and deep. The muscle referral patterns were first published by Dr. Janet Travell and Dr. David Simons. Dr. Travell was the first female who was appointed as the personal physician of a United States President. She served as John F. Kennedy's personal physician in 1961 since she had previously treated Kennedy in the 1950's since he had a lot of back pain some of which was due to muscular pain and Dr. Travell was able to help him. The muscle referral patterns of the head and neck can cause teeth to hurt, they can refer pain into the TMJ, which stands for temporomandibular joint, the can refer pain into the eyes, forehead, top of the head, cheeks, chin, etc. There are actually 17 locations in the head and neck that can be painful due to the muscles referring pain to a remote location. Dr. Hirschinger had a very talent graphic artist update the muscle referral patterns, which were originally created for Drs. Travell and Simons, in black and white with the muscle referral patterns in red, into full color with anatomically correct muscles and joints. Here is a great interview in 1989 with Dr. Travell in which she describes the benefits of trigger point injections and stretching muscles such as the muscles that close the jaw, which is why Dr. Hirschinger invested 3.5 years into developing the gentle jaw, which is a.

Please click a link to view the muscle referral patterns of the head and neck:

Jaw closing muscles that refer pain into teeth
Muscles that refer pain into the TMJ